Ongoing Projects



1 NGI (Norwegian Geo-technical Institute) Bio-Chars Pilot Testing Research Project 2012-2016
2 ACIAR (Australian Council for Agroforestry Research)-Enhancing Livelihoods and Food Security from Agroforestry and Community Forestry in Nepal Project 2013-2017
3 Community Led Reconstruction Programme Jan 2016-Dec 2017
4 People-Led Solution For Better Accountability Practices Feb 2016-Nov 2018
5 Building Back a Better Future in the Most Earthquake Afflicted Areas Dec 2016-Dec 2018




Research  Project  title:  “Biochar  application  for  improved  soil  fertility  and  carbon  sequestration“: Developing Research Capacity in Nepal” (Project No: 217918);

Collaborative Partners: Collaborative Agreement between Nepal Agro-forestry Foundation (NAF), Research Council of Norway and Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI) for the Year 2012-2017.

Research site: Dhading, Rasuwa and Kathmandu, Nepal

Human Resource involved:

Dr. Gerard Cornelissen, Project Manager, NGI

Mr. Naba Raj Pandit, PhD Scholar (Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway) and Project Coordinator, NAF

Ms. Saradha Adhikari , Research Assistant, NAF

Mr. Narendra Joshi, Accountant, NAF

Biochar (BC) is the carbon-rich material produced by the pyrolysis of biomass i.e. heating in partial or complete absence of oxygen. Biochar is highly recalcitrant in nature unlike other soil organic matter. Biochar improves soil physical, biological and chemical properties. Therefore, biochar amendment in soils is a carbon sequestration techniques which can enhances soil fertility and increases crop production as a longer term benefit.

Various feedstocks and various production technology can be used to produce biochar. So far, under this project, biochar has been produced using several different kiln types; flame curtain “Kon-tiki” kiln (four sub types: deep-cone metal kiln, steel shielded soil pit, conical soil pit and steel small cone), brick-made traditional kiln, traditional earth-mound kiln and Top lift up draft (TLUD). Different feedstocks such as fuelwood, rice husk, corn cobs and eupatorium spp were used for biochar production. Eupatorium adenophorum locally named “banmara” has been given top most priority as it is an invasive forest shrub species, naturally regenerating, ubiquitous and are available in an enormous quantity in forest area, farm uplands and bank of the river.

With a view to assess the effect of biochar on soil properties and crop yield, research field trials and pot trials are established. Field trials  located in Rasuwa and Dhading district and pot trials at Matatritha, Kathmandu, Nepal. Various doses of biochar 0, 5, 10, 15 t/ha were applied in farmers field in Dhading and in addition to these treatments, two more treatments 25 and 40 t/ha has been deployed in Rasuwa farming land. Mineral fertilizers and FYM compost were applied in the constant rate to all the treatments. All other agronomical practices and plant protection measures were applied uniformly during the course of study to all treatments. Similarly, a pot trial was carried out in order to investigate the effect of different biochar production methods from above mentioned kilns and the nutrient enrichment techniques of biochar on crop yield and soil parameters. Moreover, gas emissions from all the kilns during biochar production were measured.

Average BC yields from Eupatorium feedstock on dry weight basis and carbon basis were 19.5% and 20 % respectively. Biochar was highly alkaline in nature with higher pH 9.2 (CaCl2extraction), Cation exchange capacity (110 Cmolc kg-1) and total carbon (75%), hydrogen (1.9%) and nitrogen (0.79%) content. Crop yield in Dhading and Rasuwa field trials revealed significantly higher (P<0.05) crop yield (maize, legumes) in high doses biochar application (40t/ha) compared to fertilized control plots. Similarly, biochar amended soils showed significantly higher maize biomass yield compared with fertilized control under pot trials. Flame curtain “kon-tiki” leads to the lowest gas emissions (carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, methane, particulate matter; smoke) compared to other kiln types.

To sum up, farmers could produce sufficient biochar from Eupatorium feedstocks through different kiln types in their respective farmland at large scale and applied to their cultivated land. Mainly, Conical soil pit or earth mound kiln which is free of charge and produce quality biochar could be primarily practiced by the rural farmers who are unable to afford expensive kilns for biochar generation. Thus, the improved soil status through application of good quality biochar at particular site could have significant influences on farm production level that can be one of the major driving forces to address livelihoods and food security issues in Nepal.

bio                  bio1                  bio2                bio3


NAF is working in partnership with IUCN Nepal, Forest Action Nepal, Search Nepal ,IOF Pokhara, FECOFON, Community Forest Division, Ministry of Forestry and Soil Conservation, University of New South Wales, University of Adelaide Australia in “Enhancing Livelihoods and Food Security from Agroforestry and Community Forestry in Nepal Project”  funded by Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) and the implementation period is for five years from April 2013 to March 2018 .The project aims to enhance livelihoods and food security from improved implementation of agro forestry and community forestry systems in the Middle Hills of Nepal . The project will supports the “Forestry for Prosperity” vision through research to enhance technical and social aspects of agro forestry and community forestry systems.

The purpose of this Internal Agreement (IA) is to set out the shared roles of IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature Nepal Agro forestry Foundation (NAF). This agreement initiates collaboration between these two institutions for the implementation of activities of the research project Enhancing Livelihood and Food Security from Agro forestry and Community Forestry in Nepal.

The Project Summary

Project Title Enhancing Livelihoods and Food Security from Agro forestry and Community Forestry in Nepal.


Project Duration April 2013 to March 2018
Task to be Performed Activities to be performed and outputs to be delivered will be based on Agreement in 6 Monthly Action Research Meetings.
Target group and Areas (Chaubas, Dhunkharkha &Methinkot)Kavre Palanchowk and (Nalma, Dhamelikuwa & Jita Taksar) Lamjung .



On-going activities (PP7):

  1. Impact of Agroforestry Interventions
  • Seedling production activities
  • Technical support and monitoring of nursery activities
  • Organize farmer’s field day (6 sites)-Cardamom expert support in Chaubas , new additional farmers
  • Data collection for model work and seedling distribution study
  • 2nd cycle of hedge rows plantation establishment (all sites)
  1. Market Oriented field intervention
  • Translating Business Plans (6 numbers) in English Language
  • Monitoring of commercial agroforestry plantation
  • Data collection for participatory market chain appraisal for the full range of Agroforestry products includes market trends and growing markets

Staff involvement:

Co-ordinator- Dr. Swoyambhu Man Amatya Involved Staffs: Murahari Raj Joshi, Bishow Dhakal, Sajina Thapa.

ACIAR                         ACIAR2

Preparing soil for nursery establishment                               Local Research Group and experts visiting sites for investigation

for the  Problems in cardamom


Duration: 1st Jan 2016-31st Dec 2017

Working Areas; Laharepauwa, Dhaibung, Ramchhe and Syafru VDCs in Rasuwa District

Expected Outcomes:

  • By the end of the Strategic Plan, women and girls will enjoy greater levels of safety, security and dignity than before the earthquake.
  • Vulnerable and excluded communities are empowered to claim and enjoy shelter rights for just and equitable recovery, secure housing and micro-infrastructure.
  • Strengthening and mobilization of landless people’s agency to advocate on right to land for building safe houses and access to productive resources.
  • To support women led environmentally friendly resilient, sustainable livelihood recovery and growth for the most vulnerable affected households.
  • Gender and child friendly disaster resilient school established.

Staff involved: Kamal Nath Acharya, Basu Dev Neupane, Shila Magar, Lalita Tamang, Sabina Tamang, Kamala Pudasaini, Shristi Nepali, Gopal Moktan


People-Led Solution For Better Accountability Practices Project is funded by ActionAid Nepal. The theme of this project is to give voice to disaster prone vulnerable communities and ensure meaningful representation and participation in disaster management cycle as mandated in local Disaster Risk Management Plan (LDRMP) guideline as well as to ensure more responsive duty-duty bearers to promote and practice good governance in disaster preparedness and management. This project  starts from 1st  February 2016 to 30th November, 2018.

The Project Summary

Project Title People-Led Solution For Better Accountability Practices


Project Duration 1st  February 2016 to 30th November, 2018.


Project Impact Citizens alliance giving voice to the most vulnerable disaster prone community members and duty bearers are promoting and practicing good governance in disaster preparedness and management.
Target group and Areas VDCs : Dhaibung, Laharepauwa, Goljung and Gatlang

Target Group:

·         Ward Citizens Forum

·         Mahila Adhikar Manch (VDCs and District Level)

·         Youth Alliance (VDCs and District Level)

·         Disaster Management Committee (VDCs and District Level)

·         Citizens Alliance (VDCs and District Level)

·         Information focal point of local Government (VDCs and District Level)

·         Targeted policy makers at District and National level.


Outcome A Citizen Alliance in local and national level mobilizes most vulnerable groups especially women and youth to advocate for improved accountability mechanisms and procedures in disaster preparedness and response.
Outputs ·         Citizens living in disaster affected communities are empowered, aware about and are using accountability mechanisms and procedures to demand participatory accountability, transparency and rule of law in disaster management from state and non-state duty bearers and have the capacity to follow up on them.

·         Targeted duty bearers have improved their capacity to ensure flow of information, accountability and transparency procedures and mechanisms.

Staff involved : Biraj Lokchan, Yadu Kumar Acharya, Sushil Nagarkoti, Suna Maya Tamang, Pasanag Karmo Tamang, Sila Magar.


Research Project title: “Building Back a Better Future in The Most Earthquake Afflicted Areas: Schools and Education as A Gateway to The Community”

Collaborative Partners: Collaborative Agreement between Nepal Agro-forestry Foundation (NAF) and Association for International Solidarity in Asia (ASIA Onlus).

Research site: Saramthali and Yarsa VDCs of Rasuwa District, Nepal

Human Resource involved:

Ms. Prema Ghalan, Field Coordinator

Mr. Kapil G.C., Finance Officer

Mr. Umesh Bhattarai, Education Promotor

Ms. Rupa Bogati, Social Mobilizer

Ms. Dil Maya Tamang, Social Mobilizer

This project seeks to address constraints to economic development through interventions in agriculture and livelihoods, education, infrastructure, water sanitation and hygiene. Specifically, the project will construct schools with a focus on anti-seismic technology, energy, and water systems, and implement targeted educational activities to improve the education and wellbeing of children. Furthermore, the project will also support the surrounding communities in the diversification, cultivation, and marketing of high value crops and animals.

Expected Results and Outcomes:

  • By the end of this project, four schools will be rebuilt using multi-hazard resistant technology, with affordable and replicable technologies, and following disability and gender inclusive criteria.
  • The livelihood of the community will be enhanced through tailored income generating activities.
  • There will be an increase in school attendance, decrease in dropout rate and child trafficking through the adoption of alternative educational approaches.


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